Piano is a wonderful emotive instrument which is a perfect musical asset for every aspiring musician to possess. Pianists, composers and music conductors who have a passion and profession in playing Acoustic, Grand or upright pianos for their shows, recordings realize the beauty and warmth of this beautiful instrument.
If you a pianist you might have observed sometimes the piano sounds quite supressed or the notes are muffled. The brightness of the sound is lost and the notes sound compressed to your ears. Well in that case, its high time to think of taking corrective actions on improving the sound quality and tonal brightness of the piano. The root cause lies usually in the Wool Hammer action, hammer alignment and the head pressure of the Hammers in your piano.
In this guide, we shall apprise you about the factors that contribute to piano sound muffling and the steps you need to take up to make your piano sound like an epic masterpiece.
5 Key Factors That Make Your Piano Sound Muffled
There are multiple factors responsible for the sound quality of your grand or upright pianos. If your piano sounds muffled, the problem usually lies with the wool hammers in your instrument. However, there are many other reasons which could be possibly causing the issue with your piano sound. Let us cover all possible reasons that could be causing the issue:
Mechanical defects in Wool Hammers
The most common cause of a muffled sound texture in your piano is the defect in the Wool Hammer causing a soft contact with the piano string while striking the piano key. If the striking action is not proper and the hammers are not hard enough to create a strong impact to the strings, the sound will be soft and muffled.
Action Striking System Positioning
Incase the Piano Action is not positioned accurately or not aligned correctly, the hammers would not strike the strings properly and hence the sound would be reduced and muffled to a great extent. Hence action positioning needs to be properly done to ensure the sound is bright, vibrant with full velocity.
Acoustics and Room Dimensions
One of the key reasons your piano could sound muffled could be due to the nature of the room dimensions and acoustics in which your piano is kept. If the room has a lot of echo or reverberation effect, then the sound gets muffled and echoed across the walls. So, it is imperative to choose a proper room dimension to avoid echoing or high reverb effect for your piano. Choose a bigger room with well ventilated system and decent ceiling height to get maximum tonal quality for your piano sound and avoid muffling of the sound source.
Ageing of Piano
Older upright and grand pianos very often need a great deal of maintenance and servicing. The mechanical hammer and action assembly in such pianos is compromised many a times due to which the string velocity is not properly maintained inspite of hammering the notes. Consequently, the piano sound is muffled and reduced.
Hence you must plan for proper maintenance and servicing of your vintager or old pianos to ensure sound quality is maintained.
Lid angle of Piano
The lid controls the vibration, sound level and also protects the internal delicate parts from dust, water and other degrading chemicals. If the piano lid is closed or not lifted wide open, the piano sound is also expected to be muffled and reduced.
How to fix the piano muffled sound issue? 5 Ways to Fix Awful Piano Sound
Piano sound issues should be fixed with the help of Piano Technicians who are trained and equipped in this field only. You should not try to fix the issues manually, which would in turn lead to further damage of the action assembly or the strings or hammers.
You are advised to hire a specialist Piano servicing expert from a reputed piano services company for the necessary repairs and diagnostics. Below are the steps taken by a piano specialist usually to fix up the muffled sound issues for your piano:
Set up House Visit for Piano Diagnostics
Get in touch with your local piano repair technician or specialist engineer who deals with Piano maintenance and repair job. A typical session for Piano voicing and sound / tune correction will last for 3-4 hours and could cost you anywhere between 30 – 100 USD depending on the nature of work and expertise involved.
Analyse the Action status of your piano
The piano expert will then pull out the action set from the drawer and perform a thorough inspection of the keys, hammers and strings to find any loose contacts or weak pressure points for the hammers and the strings.
Analyse the Tuning and Mechanical assembly status
Once the Piano technician analyses your piano, he/she will first check the strings and the pitch performance for each of them and tune them if your piano has any tuning issues. Then the analysis on the mechanical assembly including wool hammers, bridges and other parts of the piano is performed by the technician to find out the root cause of the muffled sound in the piano.
Perform a Voicing session with your piano
The core part of the work starts with the voicing of your piano. Voicing is an extensive exercise which involves checking the hammers, strings, connectors thoroughly and modify8ng the faulty hammers to improve sound brightness. Using needle pins, the hammer can be pierced or can be chiselled to give the desirable shape incase the issue lies with muffled tone.
Thoroughly check and confirm sound quality improvement after repairs
After all the repair work is completed, the sound, pitch and tonal brightness are checked by the piano technician for quality improvement. You should complete making the final payment after you have checked for bright piano sound and absence of muffling in the tone of the instrument.
Piano Specialists and Voicing Services in US and UK
We present before our top 5 recommendations of Piano Voicing services in Unites States and United Kingdom which you can bank upon for your tuning and sound correction needs. You could visit these links to go to their website and lookout for the services as per your needs.
For United States
For United Kingdom
Final Verdict and Conclusion
Your Piano is of course a sophisticated instrument. You must take utmost care and perform regular check-ups, maintenance of your piano to get the best quality sound and tonal texture possible. For any sound muffling issues, do refer to this guide and take necessary voicing and tuning sessions with expert Piano Technicians in your area. Also, you are advised not to go for any self repair or fixing sessions for your delicate instrument which will ultimately cost you more.